Hamish Chamberlayne: We believe that the DED nexus, this is something that we have come up with, ultimately the DED nexus, D-E-D nexus, it stands for digitalization, electrification, and decarbonization, we see this as an incredibly powerful cross-sector and cross-industry trend that is really going to define investment opportunity and also investment risk over the coming decade. And obviously at the heart of it is decarbonization.
One of the things that is really important to note about decarbonization or the transition to a low-carbon economy and investing in this trend is that it is much more complex than just removing fossil fuels from your portfolio and investing in renewable energy. Ultimately, after a couple of hundred years of fossil fuel-driven economic development, fossil fuels are really integrated into the global economy. And this decarbonization theme, we believe, is going to be really enabled by two very powerful trends that we see happening to companies, and that’s electrification and digitalization. And it’s really important to note that the technology sector is going to be a huge driver of this, of the innovation that is required to enable the electrification and digitalization.
Aaron Scully: If we could boil down what we’re seeing in society and technology to just one sentence, we’re in this age of exponential growth and exponential change. And there’s a number of drivers behind this. There’s a number of technologies. So, you can point to AI, blockchain, 5G, battery storage, electric vehicles. You know, all of these are driving change.
Amarachi Seery: The reality is that the scientists are telling us that there are no more small steps to be made. When the IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] released their sixth report on this, they said drastic changes needed, not small steps. So what we've been doing for the last couple of years is to ask companies about their net zero carbon journey and we're just going to continue asking that because it is vitally important. But also, we're seeing that a lot of companies are rising to that challenge and they're putting in science-based targets, but they're also putting in net zero carbon commitments.
Scully: Active managers can engage with company management to really understand if they truly care about the long term, if they really have a culture of reinvesting in their business models, if they have a culture that really focuses on all their constituents, not just the shareholders but employees, suppliers, and the environment. Just as important, active managers are able to better understand the business models that are more likely to last over the long-term versus those that will go away. We are in, again, an age of exponential change and growth, and there are a number of emerging business models and companies out there.
Seery: The pandemic has had a huge impact on our engagement agenda for 2021, but it actually hasn't changed our key topics. So our key topics for engagement related to reporting, related to race and gender and climate impact and those things didn't change just because of the pandemic. What changed was the imperative to actually do that kind of engagement. So since the pandemic started, we've seen a lot more customers asking about COVID response for example and how companies have reported that. We've seen improvements actually in companies reporting, especially in regards to some of those social factors and social benefits that they give to their employees. But we've also seen more customers now asking specifically about racial equity and racial justice which has been an engagement topic that I think is a bit, is an issue that has been brewing for a very, very long time but really came to a head during the pandemic.
Chamberlayne: The world is faced with some huge sustainability issues. Ultimately, we believe that companies that are on the right side of those sustainability issues, companies that are ultimately aligned with the development of a sustainable global economy, are going to be much more likely to see growth and demand for their goods and services.