Corporate Debt Index
The Corporate Debt Index is a long-term study into trends in company indebtedness around the world, the investment opportunities this provides and the risks it presents.
All figures in US dollars, unless otherwise stated. As of 31 December 2023
|A bond is parcel of debt. By buying a bond, investors give money to a borrower, usually for a fixed term and for a fixed rate of interest. Bonds can be bought and sold on financial markets, and the value changes over time with varying market conditions.
|The revenues and profits of an industry rise and fall over the course of an economic cycle.
|Earnings before interest and tax, commonly called operating profit.
|The amount of money left over for shareholders if all a company’s assets were liquidated and its assets sold off.
|The ratio of debt to equity finance on the balance sheet – not to the market value of the shares; also called leverage.
|The ratio of debt to equity finance on the balance sheet – not to the market value of the shares; also called gearing.
|All borrowings minus any cash or cash equivalents.
|The interest paid on a bond divided by its current market value.
|Rapid, unpredictable, changeability.
|Yield to Maturity
|The interest paid on a bond divided by its current market value, taking account of the capital gain or loss that will occur when the bond matures and is repaid.