Why US equities now?
Portfolio Manager Jeremiah Buckley considers the appeal of US equities in an environment of economic and geopolitical uncertainty, characterised by sustained inflationary pressures.
5 minute read
- The US differs significantly from other global markets, given its heavy tilt to growth-oriented technology companies and relatively small presence in financials and industrials compared to the MSCI World ex. US Index.
- Equities ‒ and growth equities in particular ‒ may generally provide a hedge during inflationary periods, as they have the potential to grow at a rate faster than inflation, which favours the US.
- US companies are expected to grow earnings per share (EPS) and dividends at a higher rate than the MSCI World ex. US Index in coming years.
US equities can play an important role in investor portfolios for several reasons ‒ particularly now, with inflation lingering and the economic outlook so clouded.
US equities’ position in the global market
The US equity market is the largest in the world, with its companies accounting for over 40% of global market capitalisation (Figure 1). The US is among the most accessible, transparent and liquid markets, and its economic environment has fostered a culture of growth and innovation. Thus, many of the world’s most successful companies are based in the US. Based on these supportive dynamics, many investors choose to allocate a portion of their equity exposure to the US market.
Figure 1. Global equity market capitalization (% of total)
Source: World Federation of Exchanges, Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA) estimates. EU= countries of the European Union, EM = Emerging Markets, DM = Developed Markets, at 30 June 2023.
The US differs significantly from other global markets regarding the types of companies that make up its economy. For example, the US market is heavily tilted to growth-oriented, technology-centric sectors such as information technology and communication services. The S&P 500® Index has more than triple the MSCI World ex. US Index’s exposure to information technology companies (28.1% versus 8.1%). At the same time, the S&P 500 has significantly less than the MSCI World ex. US Index’s allocation to sectors that comprise a substantial portion of other countries’ economies, such as financials and industrials (Figure 2). These differences in economic composition and industry exposure may offer diversification for portfolios that invest in both the US and other global markets.
Figure 2. US and global index sector weightings
Source: S&P Dow Jones Indices, MSCI, at 31 July 2023.
Growth and technology as a hedge against inflation
In addition to these broad-level considerations, US equities may also offer advantages specific to the current environment of lingering/high inflation and economic uncertainty. Equities ‒ and growth equities in particular ‒ may generally provide a hedge during inflationary periods, as they have the potential to grow at a rate faster than inflation. As labour costs continue to rise, companies less dependent on labour ‒ like some in the information technology sector ‒ may also be less exposed to wage pressures. At the same time, one of the main drivers of disinflation over the past decade has been the proliferation of technology. Recent wage inflation may incentivise further investment in efficiency and substitution solutions to moderate labour costs, to the benefit of select companies.
We continue to believe that all companies must decide how to harness and leverage technology to survive and grow in the long term, and that technology-based themes can continue to provide tailwinds in coming years. For instance, businesses helping to enhance productivity, digital transition, and connectivity across all areas of the economy may stand to benefit. We think that demand for semiconductors will continue to increase, driven in part by tailwinds such as the transition to greener energy production, increased adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), as well as AI applications. We also continue to believe that all companies aspire to be more productive and more agile, and this requires continued investment in software.
The previously mentioned bias towards growth and technology companies has proven to be a long-term boon for US markets relative to other areas of the global market (Figure 3). As we enter a period where it appears growth may become scarcer and corporate borrowing more expensive, an allocation to US equities may prove beneficial.
Figure 3. US and global index performance
Source: Bloomberg, 31 December 2002 to 31 July 2023, rebased to 100 at start date. Past performance does not predict future returns.
Earnings will be key to market growth
Following a difficult 2022, the US market has proven to be resilient, and we believe it can remain buoyant in the face of economic uncertainty. As companies adapt to higher interest rates, and as inflation moderates, we believe earnings strength will now be key to market growth. Although we expect a volatile and bumpy ride, we are bullish on earnings growth prospects for the rest of 2023 and into 2024, even assuming a scenario of slow-to-flat growth in the economy. Earnings estimates have moderated; however, consensus S&P 500 earnings forecasts still assume growth over the next 12 months. Further, the S&P 500 is expected to grow earnings per share (EPS) and dividends at a higher rate than the MSCI World ex. US and MSCI Europe Indices in coming years (Figure 4).
Figure 4. US, Europe, and global index earnings per share and dividend growth estimates
Source: Bloomberg, at 18 August 2023. F12= Forward 12 months (current and next years) Estimates, Y+1= Next Year Estimates, Y+2= 2 Year Forward Estimates. Index weighted average. Past performance does not predict future returns.
Focus on the long-term
Given these factors, we believe that US equities can play a multi-faceted role in investor portfolios, especially now, as the global economy faces persistent inflation and an uncertain growth outlook. We think that markets are ultimately driven by long-term sustainable earnings growth, and that companies able to increase earnings over time will benefit. We see many of these opportunities today in the US market.
Disinflation: A fall in the rate of inflation (rather than negative inflation/deflation).
Diversification: A way of spreading risk by mixing different types of assets/asset classes in a portfolio, on the assumption that these assets will behave differently in any given scenario. Assets with low correlation should provide the most diversification.
Dividends: A variable discretionary payment made by a company to its shareholders.
Earnings per share (EPS): A company’s profit (after tax) divided by the number of outstanding shares. It is one of the most popular ways for investors to assess a company’s value.
Growth companies/growth equities: Growth investors search for companies they believe have strong growth potential. Their earnings are expected to grow at an above-average rate compared to the rest of the market, and therefore there is an expectation that their share prices will increase in value.
Hedge: A trading strategy that involves taking an offsetting position to another investment that will lose value as the primary investment gains, and vice versa. These positions are used to reduce or manage various risk factors and limit the probability of overall loss in a portfolio.
Inflation: The rate at which the prices of goods and services are rising in an economy. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Retail Price Index (RPI) are two common measures.
Market capitalization: The total market value of a company’s issued shares. It is calculated by multiplying the number of shares in issue by the current price of the shares. The figure is used to determine a company’s size and is often abbreviated to ‘market cap’.
Market liquidity: Market liquidity is a measure of how easily assets can be traded or converted into cash. Assets that can be easily traded in the market in high volumes (without causing a major price move) are referred to as ‘liquid’.
Volatility: The rate and extent at which the price of a portfolio, security or index, moves up and down. If the price swings up and down with large movements, it has high volatility. If the price moves more slowly and to a lesser extent, it has lower volatility. The higher the volatility the higher the risk of the investment.