ISG Insight: Shifting narrative
In the Fixed Income Investment Strategy Group (ISG)* meeting debate centred on the shifting narrative in the market. What should we read from recent economic data and were arguments around a changed natural rate of interest justified?
2 minute read
- Strong US economic data has tested the view that rates would slow the economy but narratives have swung violently in the past year and could quickly reverse.
- Much of the bond sell-off may reflect the low starting point for rates (overvaluation) but there appears to have been a regime shift, with the natural rate of interest having bottomed.
- The yield reset has re-established the attractiveness of fixed income both on an absolute and relative basis and declining inflation should similarly restore negative correlations with risk assets.
Rate shock is real
Recent months have seen a spurt higher in yields, with various conjectures put forward for the moves. Economists have rowed back on recession fears in the US while fresh emphasis has been put on bond supply. Could more structural factors be behind the rise in yields?
Figure 1: Real yields at a post-Global Financial Crisis high
Source: Bloomberg, US Treasury 10-year nominal yield, US Treasury 10-year Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) yield (real yield). The 10-year breakeven rate is a measure of expected inflation, implying what market participants expect inflation to be in the next 10 years on average. It is derived from subtracting the yield on TIPS from nominal bonds yields of the same maturity. 31 October 2003 to 31 October 2023. Yields may vary over time and are not guaranteed.
For fixed income investors, the shifting narrative poses a particular dilemma. A stronger economy is potentially good for credit fundamentals but upward pressure on yields is an offsetting factor. Real rates have risen, reflecting a higher term premium and expectations for a “higher for longer” rates regime. Should we be reassessing our view that we are near peak yields?
*The Fixed Income Investment Strategy Group (ISG) brings together investment professionals from across the global fixed income platform and other Janus Henderson teams, providing a forum for debate around the fixed income asset class and key drivers of the market. The ISG Insight seeks to provide a summary of recent debate within the group.