Private Equity: James de Bunsen on its bad rap and broad opportunities

29/03/2017

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​Allocating that marginal pound of savings is unquestionably hard following an eight year rally in equities (let alone a 30-year bull market in bonds). It requires a firm view that the forces that have sustained that rally will remain in place for some time, or that new, beneficial, forces will replace those drivers. So, if we acknowledge that record low interest rates and quantitative easing are likely a thing of the past, then we must look to stronger growth in company revenues and earnings to drive markets ever higher.


However, while the wider economic picture looks relatively stable, corporate earnings forecasts appear over-optimistic with 18% growth estimated for the S&P 500 index over the next 12 months. Moreover, the starting valuation is more than 18x times those forecast earnings, well in excess of the long-term average. At these levels, we believe it makes sense to look off the beaten track for compelling investments at more attractive valuations.
 
The Henderson Alternative Strategies Trust currently has just under one third of its assets invested in private equity, given the asset class’s compelling value and fundamentals. Private equity (PE) is an asset class that is either not well owned, given its inherent inaccessibility, or often plainly misunderstood. PE generally requires often large commitments to private funds, usually for as long as 10 years. This is beyond the scope of most ordinary investors – but there is a large and diverse listed PE fund sector.
 
The misunderstanding of its nature comes from the oft-repeated claim that PE is simply about buying stakes in companies, injecting large amounts of debt and slashing costs, primarily through job cuts. In fact, the classic private equity model is based on investing alongside management and helping them take their already successful business to another level in terms of scale and profitability. It is about alignment of interests, not asset stripping. PE general partners take seats on the board, often have controlling positions, can make important decisions quickly, and are not hostages to the fortunes of the public markets and their slavish focus on quarterly earnings announcements. These factors all help boost long-term returns.
 
While investors in PE have made very handsome gains over several decades, we believe that the current environment still looks particularly attractive, especially for the listed PE market. PE investment trusts give investors access to those otherwise inaccessible funds. The universe is broad enough to encompass all areas of the PE market from venture capital (early stage financing) funds to large leveraged buyouts (using debt to fund acquisitions), and from fund-of-funds to direct investment strategies. Since the crisis in 2008 these trusts have fallen out of favour with investors based on what we believe are misplaced concerns over issues such as the levels of debt used to purchase assets or too infrequent pricing.
 
More recently however investors have woken up to the opportunities and acquired a better understanding of the actual risks. Entry prices seem attractive, trading at large discounts to the value of the underlying assets that the PE fund owns, while exiting has often realised gains at a much higher price than the value of the underlying assets – sometimes more than 40%. These attractive growth characteristics look particularly appealing to company executives who are sitting on piles of cash and are either struggling to grow organically or are too nervous/short-termist to invest in their businesses for growth further down the line. As such, we expect ongoing merger and acquisition activity to further boost PE returns.
 
Of course, high valuations in public markets mean that it is harder for private equity firms to put their capital to work without overpaying. The investments we have identified in the listed market tend to have fairly mature profiles – that is, they are now firmly in selling mode, harvesting the healthy valuation uplifts resulting from investments made several years ago and plenty of hard work improving those underlying businesses.
 
We have also invested in more specialist areas of the market where there is a particularly strong opportunity, theme and/or management team in place. Riverstone Energy is a fund focused on shale oil and gas assets in North America. It listed in late 2013 and the management team have a peerless, multi-decade track record in the space. Their timing was particularly good, as they had a sizeable war chest to deploy as the oil price tumbled in 2014/5, enabling them to buy very high quality assets at very attractive prices.
 
Another niche opportunity is Mantra Secondary Opportunities, a fund that invests in mature private equity funds, with only a few underlying holdings yet to be exited. Essentially Mantra acts as a liquidity provider to investors who have made a good return on their investment but would like to move on and free up their capital. Mantra buys these remaining holdings at a sizeable discount to NAV and then further benefits from any uplift that is realised upon exit of the remaining holdings.   

Past performance is not a guide to future performance. The value of an investment and the income from it can fall as well as rise and you may not get back the amount originally invested.

The information in this article does not qualify as an investment recommendation.


Important information

Please read the following important information regarding funds related to this article.

Henderson Alternative Strategies Trust plc

Before investing in an investment trust referred to in this document, you should satisfy yourself as to its suitability and the risks involved, you may wish to consult a financial adviser.

Past performance is not a guide to future performance. The value of an investment and the income from it can fall as well as rise and you may not get back the amount originally invested. Tax assumptions and reliefs depend upon an investor’s particular circumstances and may change if those circumstances or the law change.

Nothing in this document is intended to or should be construed as advice. This document is not a recommendation to sell or purchase any investment. It does not form part of any contract for the sale or purchase of any investment.

Issued in the UK by Janus Henderson Investors. Janus Henderson Investors is the name under which Henderson Global Investors Limited (reg. no. 906355), Henderson Investment Funds Limited (reg. no. 2678531), AlphaGen Capital Limited (reg. no. 962757), Henderson Equity Partners Limited (reg. no.2606646), (each incorporated and registered in England and Wales with registered office at 201 Bishopsgate, London EC2M 3AE) are authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority to provide investment products and services. We may record telephone calls for our mutual protection, to improve customer service and for regulatory record keeping purposes.

Specific risks

  • The portfolio may hold up to 60 stocks. If one of these investments declines in value, this can reduce the portfolio's value more than if it held a larger number of investments
  • Where the Company invests in assets which ae denominated in currencies other than the base currency then the currency exchange rate movements may cause the value of investments to fall as well as rise
  • This portfolio could have a significant exposure to Emerging Markets, which tend to be less stable than more established markets and can be affected by local political and economic conditions, reliability of trading systems, buying and selling practices and financial reporting standards
  • In certain circumstances the investment manager may not be able to sell investments he owns in the Company's portfolio. This could have a negative impact on the overall performance of the Company

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Fund name changes

Please note that from the 15 December 2017 funds previously named Janus or Henderson have been renamed Janus Henderson. This change aligns our product names with our name, Janus Henderson Investors, following the merger of Janus Capital and Henderson Global Investors in May 2017.

This name change does not impact on the management of the underlying funds and investors and advisers are not required to take any action.