For Financial Professionals in the US

Look beneath the surface for small- and mid-cap opportunities

The Portfolio Construction and Strategy team discusses why they believe, by taking an active approach that focuses on profitable companies, the small- and mid-cap space may present opportunities in the current economic environment.

Feb 7, 2023
3 minute read

This article is part of the latest Trends and Opportunities report, which outlines key themes for the next stage of this market cycle and their nuanced implications across global asset classes.

U.S. small- and mid-cap companies are typically levered to the economic cycle and historically outperform large caps during the early stages of recoveries.

2022 Recap

  • Persistent inflation, a historic increase in interest rates, and recession fears were the major drivers of double-digit losses across many U.S. equity asset classes.
  • The increase in cost of capital – aka, discount rate – negatively impacted valuations and put greater downward pressure on longer-duration growth equities relative to value.
  • Small caps typically lead large caps in losses going into periods of weakness, as evidenced by small caps reaching a 2022 low of -27% in June while large caps bottomed out in October at -25%.

2022: U.S. equity returns by style and size

Value Core Growth
-7.5% -19.1% -29.1%
-12.0% -17.3% -26.7%
-14.5% -20.4% -26.4%

Source: Morningstar. Style/size in the table based on Russell indices.

Small- and mid-cap stocks have typically fared well in and after recessions

Source: Morningstar, National Bureau of Economic Research, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Recession return based on time period from 1980 to 2022. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.


  • U.S. small- and mid-cap companies are typically levered to the economic cycle and historically outperform large caps during the early stages of recoveries, as large companies are generally slower to respond to a changing economic environment.
  • The excesses of the last several years have been shed in the small- and mid-cap universes, with absolute valuations now well below historical averages and relative valuations (vs. large caps) nearing the lows of the early 2000s.
  • Small- and mid-cap companies tend to be more U.S.-centric, potentially benefiting from long-term themes of reshoring/deglobalization, while also being less sensitive to U.S. dollar fluctuations.

Small- and mid-caps remain historically cheap vs. large-caps

Source: FactSet. As at 31 December 2022.

PCS Perspective

  • Equity allocations are often top-heavy with an overweight to large caps (76% for the average advisor portfolio allocation from our proprietary database* vs. 69% in the Russell 3000® Index), creating a potential opportunity to move down in cap size, broaden the equity footprint, and take advantage of the current market environment on two fronts:
    • Valuations: Small/mid-cap valuations are near historical lows and look appealing from an absolute and relative (vs. large caps) standpoint; starting from these levels has historically been attractive when looking at forward returns.
    • Economic recovery: Small/mid-caps can be quick to rebound as they are structurally overweight cyclical sectors such as industrials, financials, materials, and energy compared to large caps.
  • Finally, we believe it is prudent to take an active approach in the small/mid-cap space to focus on higher-quality companies and avoid unprofitable ones – roughly 25% of stocks in the Russell 2500 Growth Index currently do not earn money. 1

PCS: Trends and opportunities

Making sense of market trends for portfolio construction


1Source: Janus Henderson Investors, as at 31 December 2022.

*Values are based on Janus Henderson’s proprietary database of financial professional portfolios as at 31 December 2022.

Price-to-Earnings (P/E) Ratio measures share price compared to earnings per share for a stock or stocks in a portfolio.

Russell 1000® Index reflects the performance of U.S. large-cap equities.

Russell 2000® Index reflects the performance of U.S. small-cap equities.

Russell 2500 Growth Index reflects the performance of U.S. small to mid-cap equities with higher price-to-book ratios and higher forecasted growth values.

Russell 3000® Index reflects the performance of broad U.S. equities.

Russell Midcap® Index reflects the performance of U.S. mid-cap equities.

S&P 500® Index reflects U.S. large-cap equity performance and represents broad U.S. equity market performance.


Actively managed portfolios may fail to produce the intended results. No investment strategy can ensure a profit or eliminate the risk of loss.

Growth stocks are subject to increased risk of loss and price volatility and may not realize their perceived growth potential.

Smaller capitalization securities may be less stable and more susceptible to adverse developments, and may be more volatile and less liquid than larger capitalization securities.

Value stocks can continue to be undervalued by the market for long periods of time and may not appreciate to the extent expected.